There are thousands of Chinese soup but they are prepared in 4 S.O.P. steps:
Standard Operating Procedures (S.O.P.):
1) Preparation of Ingredients
2) Bring to a boil over high heat
3) Turn to low heat and simmer for (T) hours
4) Turn off heat. Season with salt.
♡ Adding salt is always the last step.
♡ T = from 1.5 hours to 3 hours, depending on cooking time needed to cook the harder ingredients (meat, hardy legumes…)
Note: softer ingredients (tomato, potato…) can be put in the last half hour to prevent over cooking.
Example 1: 雪耳银杏无花果煲瘦肉汤
White Fungus Soup with Lotus Seed and Chinese Mushroom
White fungus (19 gm): soak and rinse few times until fully expanded. Drain and set aside.
Dried Chinese mushroom (8 pc): soak until soft and squeeze dry. Repeat this step few times and set aside.
Lean pork meat (300 gm): Scald in boiling water. Rinse and set aside.
Ginko 银杏(10 pc), dried fig无花果 (10 pc), lotus seed 莲子(38 gm), Chinese yam 淮山 (38 gm), job’s tear薏仁 (38 gm) , wolfberry 枸杞(19 gm): Rinse and set aside.
2) Put everything in the pot with water (2.5 litres). Bring to a boil.
3) Turn to low heat. Simmer for T = 3 hours.
4). Turn off heat. Season with salt. Serve.
Example 2: 西洋菜罗汉果红萝卜煲排骨汤
Watercress Soup with Momordica Fruit and Carrot
Watercress 西洋菜 (600 gm): soak under running water, rinse a few times. Do not add salt. Drain and set aside.
Dried Tangerine peel 陈皮 (1/4 pc): soak in water until soft. Scrape off internal white pitch. Rinse and set aside.
Ginger 老姜 (3 pc): Rinse ginger and smash it with the back of knife. Cut into slices.
Honey dates (5 pc), Dried fig (10 pc): Rinse and drain them. Scald them. Rinse and set aside.
Others: Momordica fruit 罗汉果(1 pc), Sweet almond南杏 (11.3 gm), bitter almond 北杏(3.8 gm), carrot红罗卜 (2 pc), pork rib 排骨 (300 gm).
2): Put all in a pot with water (1.5 litres). Bring to a boil (for 30 mins)
3) Turn to low heat and simmer for T = 2 hours.
4) Turn off heat. Season with salt. Serve.
Example 3: 芦荟南瓜番茄薯仔玉米煲鸡汤
Chicken Soup with Aloe Vera, Pumpkin, Tomato, Potato and Corn
From the names of the ingredient and the picture below, you can make this soup without recipe and steps. Chinese Soup is easy !
Other ingredients: hawthorn山楂 (18.9 gm), sweet almond 南杏(11.3 gm), bitter almond 北杏 (11.3 gm), chicken (1/2 pc).
Note: Simmer T = 1.5 ~ 2 hours.
[Source] “Miraculous Soups” 这些汤彻底改变了我 (吳吉琳)