香港粥 Congee

Congee : Tamil word (கஞ்சி) for Porridge.

香港粥有不同煮法 : 广东粥, 生滚粥, 艇仔粥, 潮州粥, 老火粥, 白粥 …

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达到的火候境界:
见水不见, 米非粥也;
见米不见, 水非粥也。

煮广东’粥底’的诀窍:

1. 生米洗净, 存结冰箱(freezer)一夜。米殻易碎, 熬黏稠广东粥时间只需1~2小时。[如果用隔夜饭, 解冻煮 20分钟就可以]
2. 煮粥里放入一粒皮蛋(century egg), 取其碱性(alkaline), 米粒加速溶解而成浓稠粥。

注意: 小心外面有奸商放化学’增稠剂’, 只须10分钟就可煮成样似黏稠粥。
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左边是’真’粥, 熬8-10小时 – (米粒完全开花)
右边是’假’粥, 放化学’增稠剂’, 煮10分钟 – (米粒没有开)。

其他中国粥类:
1. 福建/台湾咸糜
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2. 客家糜: 如果福建糜煮过头水90%干掉, 糜变成糊狀, 就是客家糜。

豆芽全身是宝

人人都知道中国四大科技发明 (造纸, 印刷, 火药, 罗盘), 通过古代的一带一路 (1 Belt & 1 Road) — 陆路的骆驼’丝绸’之带, 海路由15世纪明朝郑和下西洋的一支分队远到威尼斯(Venice) — 掀起了沉睡的16世纪欧洲文艺复兴 (Renaissance)。

中国古代也有食物的”四大发明”:
豆腐
豆酱
豆筋
豆芽 (Bean sprouts)

英文 “Soy” (来自法文Soya = Soja) 是古汉字’菽’ 的读音 (\shū) (‘sh’ = ‘s’, 古汉语即现代闽语, 无蒙/满北方外族的咬舌音’sh’, 只发’s’音), 中国经丝绸之路, 把豆的四大发明传到欧洲。

豆芽 (Bean sprouts)不同其他蔬菜, 下锅之前还是‘活’的。蔬菜需要从泥土中得营养, 豆芽不需泥土, 营养来自豆本身。蔬菜採后会随时日营养流失, 豆芽相反的会继续制造营养。

豆芽在新加坡菜市$1一大把, 却是营养丰富的菜 (Vitamin C医败血病, B2 治口疮/ulcer 溃疡, A 补眼, E 养颜防皮肤老人斑), 健脾胃, 丰富的纤维可防便秘大肠癌, 解酒, 排毒和祛热 。
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豆芽分: 黑, 黄, 绿 (黑/黄/绿豆 生 黑/黄/绿 豆芽), 各有不同医疗效用 [请看此YouTube 分析]

豆芽不可生吃(有微毒), 不可煮太熟(破坏Vitamin C)。适合快炒或汆(blanch)。

注意:
1. 绿豆芽寒性, 加姜丝(温性)中和。
2. 豆芽不宜和猪肝同食 (猪肝破坏维他命C)。
3. 豆帽(豆芽头部)兼俱维他命C和蛋白质的宝贝。

Working Overtime Health Management

Working Overtime is common for professionals like medical doctors & nurses, security guards, military, traders and stock brokers, IT staff and engineers:

1. Group all night-shift duty in a week is better than spreading over the month (ie performing once a week). The former arrangement has 50% less fatigue than the later.

2. Prepare transition on the 1st day of night shift:
2 pm – 4 pm: sleep 80 to 100 mins.
2 am – 4 am: take a nap 15 mins (or every 2 hours if permit).

3. After a week of night shift, rest 2 days on Sat & Sunday, to resume day shift on the following Monday.

4. On night-shift day/week, shift normal lunch time to mid-night.

5. Above 60 years old, sleep time required by your body reduced to around 6 hours, with some short naps of 15 mins in day time. Best suitable jobs at this age are security men, night-time car park attendants, …

6. Leonardo da Vinci ‘Multi-phases Sleeping’ Method: he slept 15 mins every 4 hours.
In disaster rescue or escalation job working non-stop round the clock for days (limit to 2 weeks for health reason), it is more practical to sleep 30 mins every 4 hours..

7. On night-shift day, avoid sleep during 5 pm – 9 pm when your body temperature is high and less sleepy.

8. L-Tryptophan Food (Milk, banana, chicken, nuts, salmon…) good for sleeping. Avoid Alcohol, coffee, cigarette.